We appreciate that inquiring minds would like to see that there are people with real expertise behind the information on CCCA’s website. However–

We regret that the state of affairs, censorship of free speech, and rampant tyranny and coercion is such now in Canada that CCCA must protect the identity of its scientific, MD, academic and other health care professional (HCP) members. This serves to shield them from career-impacting reactions by their universities, professional colleges and healthcare system employers. Sadly, some of our MDs have had their medical licenses to practice suspended or restricted because they are not on board with the mainstream narrative. Likewise, some of our university professors have had their contracts terminated. These are dark times, and while we appreciate that some people want to know identities, frankly it would be hazardous to the careers of many of our members for us to reveal them.

While there are publicly identified directors of CCCA, it should be apparent from the quantity and quality of the work published on our website that our scientists, HCPs, ethicists, lawyers and other professionals in CCCA have broad and deep scientific, medical, and professional expertise. A representative listing of a number of these credentials of our more than 500 scientists, medical doctors and health care and other professional members are listed on our website. If people are willing to think critically, they will appreciate the quality of our work; if they are not, no amount of personal disclosures will convince them in this cancel culture era.

No. Canadians have the right to accept or refuse any medical treatment including invasive medical procedures like vaccination. Except in very rare circumstances, voluntary informed consent must be obtained prior to administering any medical treatment. The law and ethical policies are very clear that no medical treatment (including vaccination) can be forced upon a person. Medical treatments that proceed without the patient’s consent or that proceed with consent that was obtained through misrepresentation, fraud, duress, coercion or pressure of any kind may constitute an assault. Whether or not an intervention is justified is not a matter of how much good it will do the patient or others; it is justified and lawful only if the patient consents to it. Our courts have repeatedly affirmed that the good intentions of health care providers cannot be substituted for the will of the patient.
However, there is a difference between “forced vaccination,” which means forcibly injecting a person with a vaccine against their will, and “mandatory vaccination,” which is a legal requirement to be vaccinated, and to provide proof of vaccination.
COVID-19 shots may be mandated for certain activities, such as living in university residence, visiting restaurants, holding certain kinds of employment, or receiving certain government benefits. This means that failing to abide by the mandate could come with consequences and anyone who wishes to challenge the mandate will need to seek legal representation to do so.

If you are a member of a union and you face a demand to disclose your vaccination status or provide proof of vaccination in order to retain your job, you should contact your union representative and ask that person what steps the union is taking under the collective agreement to protect your constitutional and legal rights to not to disclose confidential medical information or to be forced to undergo a medical procedure without your fully informed consent.

You can ask which part of the collective agreement allows the employer to legally make these demands. You can provide your union with evidence found on the CCCA website that not only the unvaccinated but also the vaccinated can and do contract and transmit the virus, In addition, you can point out that the requested vaccination is against a viral strain that is no longer in circulation, and that a safe and effective vaccine for the currently circulating strain is not available and has not been tested.  All of this renders the mandatory vaccination requirement unreasonable and possibly illegal. You should demand that your union file a grievance on your behalf.

If your union refuses to do so, identify your rights under the collective agreement. Ask your union representative if there is any accommodation available such as regular antigen testing, working from home and/or in a socially distant manner. Ask the union representative if the union will confirm in writing that it and/or your employer will maintain your income and benefits for the entire time that you are off work (or permanently if your injuries render you unable to work) in the event that you suffer an adverse reaction to the vaccine and pay damages for any pain and suffering incurred, along with all out-of-pocket medical expenses. Demand your union take all available actions allowed by the collective agreement to protect your right to work. Seek the opinion of a lawyer familiar with the collective agreement and labour law if you’re not satisfied with the actions of the union.


There are precedent setting rules being set for some university/college residences and campus attendance. Some administrations are outwardly trying to take responsibility for students’ health by requiring them to be fully vaccinated to qualify for admittance to residences. The same applies to many staff and faculty as well, but this answer focuses on students.  Whether this directive proves to be good or bad, the saying “Never let classes interfere with your education” may be more important today than ever. Here’s why.

In class, vaccinated students will get their traditional education similar to historical norms. Those who are non-vaccinated will be forced to learn online or to get their education in the real world. It should be noted that some/many vaccinated students will join the cause of supporting free choice, since they  believe that they got vaccinated not because they freely chose to, but rather because they were coerced into it. Welcome to the real world motivated by fear and government proclamations of what is right and what is not.

The ‘vaccine mandate’, as it is often called, has clear objectives. The unwavering belief that only vaccinations will solve the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic is the driving force; society cannot achieve herd immunity and return to “normal” without virtually everyone being fully vaccinated. It is quite easy to understand the motivations and coercive techniques being applied, since mainstream media is eager to report on it. Many people may agree, but is this evangelical zeal science based or political? If it is the former, stay in class. If it is the latter, you are about to learn more about your emerging world outside class than in a classroom. Buckle up, let’s start with some questions and observations.

Can someone who is fully vaccinated in a university residence infect others? Yes, it is common knowledge that the Delta variant can be spread equally by vaccinated and non-vaccinated people.


One major difference is that those who are not vaccinated will probably know they have symptoms and take steps to self-isolate to prevent spread. Those who are vaccinated may not recognize symptoms and proceed to spread the virus unknowingly. This could make university residences a potential breeding ground for the Delta variant and others to follow.

Should non-vaccinated students be subjected to regular rapid tests? Home SARS-CoV-2 tests, like pregnancy tests, would be ideal. It would not be viewed as coercive and it would allow all students, vaccinated or not, to be able to test and take appropriate steps. Some campuses do offer regular PCR-based tests to determine is a person may be actively infected with the virus. However, serological tests that monitor the levels of SARS-CoV-2-specific antibodies or T-cells provide the best evaluation of whether a student has immunity acquired either passively by infection with the virus or following vaccination.  No one wants to be a carrier. Here is some information on testing.


Would early diagnosis make a difference? Treatment of every disease known to mankind benefits from early diagnosis and treatment. COVID-19 is no different. Rapid tests empower a person to take action and self-isolate if necessary. Nasal sprays can be used as a barrier protection for prevention. Early treatment protocols with drugs such as ivermectin and fluvoxamine can be very effective at reducing the viral load and minimizing inflammation. These steps would go a long way towards achieving herd immunity. Sadly, they have been neglected for over a year. These two links will provide you with information on a nasal spray, ivermectin and fluvoxamine.



Does segregation based on a government/administration vaccine mandate encourage team work or promote prejudice? Team work would involve everyone doing their part to achieve herd immunity either through vaccination, optimizing early diagnosis and treatment options plus recognizing those who are identified as naturally immune. Prejudice breeds where there is a viewpoint of one group qualifies but another group must be excluded. Who ever thought that our Canadian universities/colleges would be an incubator for those values by excluding some healthy students from residences?

Where will we be next year? Who knows? Most of the temporary vaccine passports will expire until one gets up-dated with a booster shot. Hopefully, we will be focused more on achieving herd immunity and our university/college residences will no longer be promoting a compulsory vaccine agenda. Vaccines will deserve some credit, but so will early diagnosis and treatment plus the recognition of natural immunity.

One way or another, this social and medical experiment will provide an educational year, especially for the young who are at little risk from COVID-19, but high risk for career disruption. Welcome to your new world. Don’t ask ‘how did this happen’. Ask ‘what can I do about it’? 

We are sorry that you or a loved one is experiencing an injury following vaccination. Many people have contacted the CCCA with similar concerns.

As soon as you’re able to, please report the symptoms to a trusted doctor or healthcare professional.  This is the form they will need to fill out to report the reaction:


(For further information on this topic, please copy and paste this question in the search box of our website– “Should I report an adverse event following my vaccination and how do I do it?”)

To date, while there are a growing number of studies showing us what COVID-19 vaccines can do in our bodies, there are no official medical guidelines for how to treat symptoms that arise from them.  Nonetheless, many concerned healthcare providers do recommend protocols to help patients recover from the symptoms they are experiencing.  The treatment might involve pharmaceutical agents, natural health products (e.g. vitamins, supplements, etc.), or both.  These therapeutics may work to address the suspected root cause of the vaccine injury, relieve symptoms, or both.  Many clinicians report improvement or resolution of vaccine injury symptoms with appropriate treatment – so remember, there is hope of getting better!

Some physicians are using the FrontLine Covid Critical Care Doctor’s iRECOVER protocol to manage symptoms that occur following vaccination. While this protocol was developed to treat those with Long COVID, you may wish to explore this with your own practitioner. Here is the link for your information and to share with your physician.


Another excellent option is from the World Council for Health’s Detox program.


Please speak to your trusted doctor or healthcare professional about therapeutic options if you are suffering from a vaccine injury.  If they are unsure how to help you, please ask them to contact the CCCA so they can be put in touch with one of our doctors to discuss treatment options.

More information on reporting can be found on our adverse events tracking page.


On February 11, 2020 the World Health Organization (WHO) announced an official name for the disease that is cause by the SARS-CoV-2 virus as COVID-19, which was first identified in Wuhan China in late 2019. In COVID-19, “CO” stands for corona, “VI” for virus, and ”D” for disease. Prior, this disease was referred to as “2019 novel coronavirus” or “2019-nCoV.” COVID-19 was declared a global pandemic by the World Health Organization in March 2020, but likely first entered into Canada in late 2019.
Coronaviruses are a large family of viruses that affect humans and a wide range of other animals. In humans, they can cause diseases ranging from the common cold to more severe diseases such as Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) and Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS). COVID-19 is a new coronavirus induced disease that is caused by the SARS-CoV-2 virus. This virus is closely related to SARS-CoV-1, which caused SARS in 2003. Its genome structure was fully sequenced in January, 2020.
SARS-CoV-2 is an RNA virus with a genome that features over 30,000 nucleotides, and the change of even a single nucleotide might give rise to a new variant. However, it usually takes several significant mutations to the virus to really be considered as a variant. Variants of concern (VOC) are those that show enhanced disease spread and severity, reduced detection with tests used to track the virus, and resistance to steps to taken to prevent (e.g. vaccinations) or treat (e.g. drugs) infections with the virus. In Canada, the VOC that have been of particular concern have been from the United Kingdom (B.1.1.7 variant), South Africa (B.1.351 variant), Brazil (P.1 variant) and India (B.1.617 variant).
Over 200 different viruses, including coronaviruses have been shown to cause colds. Rhinoviruses account for over 50% of colds. Antibodies against cold coronaviruses may afford some protection against SARS-CoV-2, but this has yet to be definitely established.
Those that are at greatest risk of severe illness and possible death from COVID-19 are older adults (especially over 70 years); of any age with chronic medical conditions (including: lung disease, heart disease, high blood pressure, diabetes, kidney disease, liver disease, dementia; stroke); of any age who are immunocompromised, including those: with an underlying medical condition, such as cancer and taking medications such as chemotherapy; and those living with obesity, such as having a body mass index (BMI) of 40 or higher.
Presently, there is no evidence that people can get COVID-19 by eating or handling food. While it may be possible to acquire SARS-CoV-2 by touching a surface or object, such as a food package that has the virus on it and then touching your mouth, nose, or possibly eyes., this is not the main route by which the virus spreads. Follow food safety guidelines when handling and cleaning fresh produce, and avoid washing produce with soap, bleach, sanitizer, alcohol, disinfectant or any other chemical. There is also no current evidence that people can get COVID-19 by drinking water. Conventional water treatment methods that use filtration and disinfection, such as those in most municipal drinking water systems, should remove or kill the virus that causes COVID-19.​

What can I do to minimize my chances of getting COVID-19?  

This is an important question, because it refers to all people, whether vaccinated or not. There is a better chance of achieving herd immunity if we are aware of preventive protocols.

There is lots of well publicized information from Public Health about mask wearing, hand washing, social distancing and isolation, which change periodically. Governments are singularly focused on vaccinating everyone as though it is a panacea. It is not, which is why booster shots have already been ordered for the next several years.

There is much you can do to improve your terrain or enhance your resistance to SARS-CoV-2. Proper diet, exercise and sleep are obvious steps that everyone should take. Here are some additional suggestions based on protocols used by front line care doctors who are treating COVID-19 every day at different levels of severity. Many nutritionals on the list, such as vitamins C and D, zinc, and melatonin are readily available in every health food store. Ivermectin will require an off-label prescription from your doctor since it is approved in Canada, but not yet for COVID-19. You can search our website for more information on ivermectin.

Here is the link to the preventive (prophylactic) and early treatment protocols of the Front Line Covid Critical Care Alliance.


 The use of these nutritional supplements is even more important for those with comorbidities. Early detection through rapid and home tests will substantially improve opportunities for early treatment.

The Delta variant of the SARS CoV-2 virus is only one of thousands of variants. Variants of concern (VAC) are those strains that have been particularly common and may pose even greater health risks, such a being more infectious. Alpha was first detected in the United Kingdom, as a variant of the original L version from Wuhan, China. The Delta VAC has become the focus of attention for two main reasons. Firstly, it is very contagious so it is easily spread and case counts go up. Secondly, it intersects with the vaccination debate, which dominates much public attention.

The Delta variant originated in the Maharashtra province of India in October of 2020. Since this date was prior to the first vaccinations, it is easy to conclude that the variant started in unvaccinated people and was just one of several options. So why did it become so dominant more recently?  It appears to be ~50% more infectious than the Alpha variant, which in turn is ~50% more infectious than the L strain.

Vaccine effectiveness is a separate topic, but it is now accepted that the SARS-CoV-2 vaccines do not prevent one from getting infected, but may reduce the severity of a future infection. This includes hospitalization and adverse events such as death. The Delta variant, however, can still infect the vaccinated and they can still spread the viral infection. According to the Center for Disease Control (CDC) in the U.S., double vaccination provides markedly reduced protection against the Delta strain. However, it is controversial whether the recent documented loss of efficacy in vaccinated individuals is specifically due to the properties of the Delta strain or a waning of the effectiveness of the vaccine-induced immunity.


Let’s say that any one of the variants comes along and meets an immune system that is not vaccinated nor has had previous exposure to a coronavirus. It should be noted that many people have already achieved a natural immunity and tests are being developed to show this resistance. Here is more information – 


These previously uninfected and unvaccinated individuals would not immediately react to any variant, but would develop robust immunity in a week or two. The passively acquired, natural immunity is extremely robust, directed against the full virus and not just its spike protein, appropriate to the site of natural infection, and long lasting if not for a lifetime. Without this natural protection, the person would probably show symptoms, but more so if they have some previous health conditions that compromise them. These are known as comorbidities such as cardiovascular or pulmonary problems, obesity, diabetes and mental stress. The immune system would be engaged to resist SARS-CoV-2 infection and establish future immunity to all variants, including Delta.

Alternately, if a variant comes along and meets a vaccinated person, most will be protected from significant infection. A ‘break through’ infection occurs when a variant such as Delta breaks through the defense provided by the vaccine by making alterations that increase the infectivity or virulence of virus. So long as the immune memory is retained, the vaccine will control most variants, but with milder symptoms, the opportunity for spread of the virus also increases. Thus, vaccinated people can be spreaders of the virus without even without knowing it.

Let’s compare this situation to antibiotics. The most significant bacterial infections, sometimes called ‘super bugs’, are not developed in people who have never had antibiotics. They develop in people who have had so many doses so that only those bacteria that have resistance to the antibiotic flourish. These antibiotic resistant bacteria are the ones more able to spread in the general population.  Are we looking at the same situation with viruses? The more vaccines that we have, the more the SARS CoV-2 virus is under pressure to develop new variants that are more infectious, but hopefully more benign.

This vicious infection cycle will continue until a population establishes herd immunity either naturally or with sterilizing vaccines that actually prevent infection rather than limit its severity. Early treatment to reduce viral load and symptom severity is most important to both sides of the vaccine debate.

The patient-physician relationship is based on a foundation of trust that develops from mutual respect, honesty, the desire to improve the patient’s well-being and alleviate their suffering. Often, this relationship has grown over many years creating a unique level of trust and understanding. As a patient, you are reliant on your health care provider for access to therapies and diagnostic tests which impact your health and well-being. Fortunately, the colleges licensing physician’s feel the same way. Here is a link to the Ontario college as an example.


Physicians do have the right to stop providing medical care for a patient. However, when dismissing a patient from their care, physicians must ensure their reason for dismissal is valid and all opportunities for alternative care arrangements have been sought while understanding that the act of dismissal may be harmful to their patient.

Every province and territory have their own regulatory medical authorities (links below) that have published their own set of guidelines for terminating patient care. For this document we will provide an overview of the general principles, many of which are shared between the different organizations. Readers are encouraged to consult their own medical regulatory body for further information.  

Everyone Deserves Access to Healthcare:

Unvaccinated patients must be given the same access to care as vaccinated patients. Physicians have a professional obligation to care for every patient regardless of their beliefs, values, and attitudes.  In person care can be provided easily and safely by taking appropriate precautions that are outlined in a variety of medical authority guidelines. (refer to CPSO document linked below)

The same holds true for consultations with specialists as it would be unethical to require documentation that a patient has been vaccinated as a prerequisite for attending their office.

Refusal to provide care puts a physician at risk of a complaint to their College, a human rights commission, and/or civil action.

Physicians should make every effort to care for unvaccinated patients.

Patients Have the Right to Refuse Treatment:

Patients or their legal guardians have the right to accept or refuse the COVID-19 vaccine. Physicians must respect the decisions of the competent patient to accept or reject any recommended assessment, treatment, or plan of care. The Charter of Rights and Freedoms allows all patients to refuse medical treatment regardless of the harm that may come to them.

Physicians must respect patient autonomy and not end the patient-physician relationship solely because the patient does not follow advice, including vaccination.

Invalid Reasons for Dismissing a Patient:

Physicians may not dismiss a patient based on the grounds of discrimination including:

  • gender, marital status, medical condition, national or ethnic origin, physical or mental disability, political affiliation, race, religion, sexual orientation, or socioeconomic status
  • because a patient makes a poor lifestyle choices
  • because the patient refuses to follow medical advice.

Many patients make health care choices which go against their health care provider’s recommendations (in areas such as smoking, alcohol consumption, healthy eating, physical activity, etc…), yet their physicians continue to care for them. To dismiss a person who chooses to not take the COVID-19 vaccine could be seen as discriminatory because it is inconsistent with their regular practice.

If a Physician Ends a Patient-Care Relationship They Must Ensure:


Physicians must notify the patient of the decision to terminate care and explain the reasons for this decision. Preferably this should be done in person. A written notification with an explanation for the dismissal should be provided. Physicians must have reasonable grounds and provide reasonable notice to the patient. The physician should continue to provide access to necessary and urgent medical care to prevent imminent harm as well as appropriate follow-up care for outstanding investigations and serious medical conditions.  They must allow the patient adequate time to seek care from another physician.


The act of terminating the care of a patient has ethical and legal implications, particularly considering it may result in harm for the patient.  A patient who has been dismissed or refused consultation based on vaccination status would be in their right to make a complaint to their provincial medical regulatory authority concerning patient abandonment or discrimination.

Provincial chapters of the College of Family Physicians of Canada:


Provincial Medical Regulatory (Licensing) Authorities: